Buddhist Lent Day

posted on 13 Jul 2011 21:15 by siriwanpornsri

วันเข้าพรรษา

Buddhist Lent Day

 

 

วันเข้าพรรษา ตรงกับวันแรม 1 ค่ำ เดือน 8 ของทุกปี เป็นวันสำคัญวันหนึ่งในพุทธศาสนา ที่พระสงฆ์จะพักประจำอยู่ ณ ที่ใดที่หนึ่ง ตลอดระยะเวลาฤดูฝนที่มีกำหนดเป็นระยะเวลา 3 เดือน โดยไม่ไปค้างแรมที่อื่น หรือที่เรียกกันโดยทั่วไปว่า จำพรรษา ("พรรษา" แปลว่า ฤดูฝน, "จำ" แปลว่า อยู่) พิธีเข้าพรรษานี้ ถือเป็นศาสนพิธีสำหรับพระภิกษุโดยตรง โดยที่จะละเว้นไม่ได้ เทศกาลเข้าพรรษา เริ่มตั้งแต่วันแรม 1 ค่ำ เดือน 8 และสิ้นสุดลงในวันขึ้น 15 ค่ำ เดือน 11 หรือที่เรียกกันว่า วันออกพรรษา

 

วันก่อนวันเข้าพรรษาหนึ่งวัน คือ วันอาสาฬหบูชา ตรงกับวันขึ้น 15 ค่ำ เดือน 8 เป็นวันที่สมเด็จพระอรหันตสัมมาสัมพุทธเจ้าได้แสดง "พระปฐมเทศนา" หรือการแสดงพระธรรมเป็นครั้งแรก จึงนับเป็นวันที่เริ่มประดิษฐานพระพุทธศาสนาเนื่องจากมีองค์ประกอบของพระรัตนตรัยครบถ้วน คือ พระพุทธ พระธรรม และพระสงฆ์

 

Buddhist Lent Day or Khao Phansa Day marks the beginning of a period of three lunar months during the rainy season when monks are required to remain in one particular place or wat (temple). The tradition of Buddhist Lent or the annual three-month rains retreat is known in Thai as "Phansa". Khao Phansa is on the first day after the full moon of the eighth lunar month and ends on the full moon of the eleventh lunar month, or Ok Phansa Day.

 

The day before Khao Phunsa Day or the full moon of the eighth lunar month is "Asalha Puja Day". This day is very important in Buddhism. It was on this day that the Lord Buddha preached His Sermon to followers after attaining enlightenment.

 

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